Asked Questions

  • 23. How does Project ONE fit into the climate ambitions of the port of Antwerp and the government?

    INEOS endorses these ambitions. For example, we support the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement and the European Green Deal. And this is demonstrated in our actions. With Project ONE, we are building one of the most energy & raw material efficient and environmentally-friendly installations in Europe. We’re also investing in research into technology for the capture and storage of CO2 (among other research topics). Technology that we already provide space for today on the Project ONE site. Incidentally, we have been capturing CO2 at our INEOS Oxide site in Zwijndrecht for 10 years now, and the captured CO2 is used for industrial use via the bECO2 joint venture. And INEOS Oil & Gas is progressing carbon storage projects in Denmark.

  • 22. What does Project ONE mean for the climate?

    By investing in new technologies we are helping to modernise, update and upgrade the European chemical industry, creating highly efficient facilities with much improved environmental emissions.


    By using the latest technologies, our olefins complex will emit less than half of the CO2 that the best performing comparable installations in Europe. For example, it will use hydrogen, a gas produced during the manufacture of ethylene and propylene, as a fuel, displacing a proportion of the hydrocarbon fuel typically used.  This will significantly reduce the amount of  CO2 associated with hydrocarbon combustion.

    Project ONE sets the new environmental standards for ethylene and propylene production. In addition,  the products made from Project ONE’s ethylene and propylene will ultimately save twice as much CO2 as was necessary for their production – because these end-products will be lighter and stronger making transport, construction and packaging more efficient and with longer lifetimes.

    Carbon Capture
    We’re also making provision within Project ONE for the collection of CO2. Whilst the current technology for capturing CO2 from the manufacturing process is still very energy-intensive, and there is currently no network for discharging the collected CO2,  we expect important technological breakthroughs in the near future that will make carbon capture much more efficient. So we’re building this into the design of Project ONE.

    A study is currently being carried out to consider the infrastructure required at the Port of Antwerp to capture, collect and export CO2. INEOS is working on this with other operators from the port of Antwerp via the Antwerp@C consortium.

    Energy consumption

    Project ONE will be highly energy-efficient. The design has considered all avenues to maximise this efficiency including the maximum integration of heat and cold flows  to eliminate energy loss and lower energy consumption. For example the cold ‘energy’ of the cryogenic ethane and propane supplied will be reused to save energy in the refrigeration sections of the plant. And the heat of the furnaces of the ethane installations will be reused elsewhere in the process which lowers the need for on purpose steam production.


    Minimising energy consumption is the critical driver to maximising carbon efficiency. In addition, in the design of the ethane cracker and PDH unit, very ‘selective’ technologies have been chosen that contribute to a maximum conversion of the raw materials into high-quality chemicals. This results in a particularly high carbon-efficiency of more than 90% – which is much higher than in installations that use naphtha (crude oil component) instead of ethane or propane. This means that 90% of the carbon in the raw material is converted into a high-quality chemical building block.

  • 21. Will Project ONE produce plastic that ends up in the environment?

    The ethylene and propylene that will be produced are the building blocks of numerous products we benefit from in our everyday life. Think of insulation materials, pipes, lightweight materials that reduce car fuel consumption and emissions, de-icing products for aircraft, face creams, health care and medical applications such as disinfectant hand gel, syringes, intravenous bags and sterile packaging, wind turbine blades and lubricants, packaging materials that lengthen the storage time of foods, and so on.

    Plastics are not intended to end up in the natural environment . It’s not the plastics themselves, but the pollution caused by discarded plastics that we, as a society, must tackle. INEOS’ vision is that we should evolve into a world where plastics are not viewed as disposable products, but valuable materials. That’s why INEOS invests heavily in the advanced recycling of plastics – and today, all of INEOS’ polymers are already recyclable. You can read more about this in the INEOS Pledge. By 2025 INEOS has committed to processing at least 325,000 tons of recycled material into products; using an average of 30% recycled material in products intended for polystyrene packaging in Europe; bringing a range of polyolefin products to market for packaging materials in Europe with at least 50% recycled material; and ensuring that 100% of our polymers are recyclable.

    At INEOS’ research centre in Neder-over-Heembeek, they have achieved a breakthrough in mechanical recycling with their Recycl-IN products, which have been developed and tested in Belgium. These are granules composed of 50% recycled and 50% new material.

    INEOS has also developed a new biopolymer produced from a residue of the pulp and paper industry that helps produce plastics with 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

    INEOS supports various initiatives to remove plastics that have ended up in the environment. Just think of Operation Clean Sweep in the port of Antwerp, the Ocean Clean-up, and other sustainability initiatives of the port of Antwerp.