By investing in new technologies we are helping to modernise, update and upgrade the European chemical industry, creating highly efficient facilities with much improved environmental emissions.
By using the latest technologies, our olefins complex will emit less than half of the CO2 that the best performing comparable installations in Europe. For example, it will use hydrogen, a gas produced during the manufacture of ethylene and propylene, as a fuel, displacing a proportion of the hydrocarbon fuel typically used. This will significantly reduce the amount of CO2 associated with hydrocarbon combustion.
Project ONE sets the new environmental standards for ethylene and propylene production. In addition, the products made from Project ONE’s ethylene and propylene will ultimately save twice as much CO2 as was necessary for their production – because these end-products will be lighter and stronger making transport, construction and packaging more efficient and with longer lifetimes.
We’re also making provision within Project ONE for the collection of CO2. Whilst the current technology for capturing CO2 from the manufacturing process is still very energy-intensive, and there is currently no network for discharging the collected CO2, we expect important technological breakthroughs in the near future that will make carbon capture much more efficient. So we’re building this into the design of Project ONE.
A study is currently being carried out to consider the infrastructure required at the Port of Antwerp to capture, collect and export CO2. INEOS is working on this with other operators from the port of Antwerp via the Antwerp@C consortium.
Project ONE will be highly energy-efficient. The design has considered all avenues to maximise this efficiency including the maximum integration of heat and cold flows to eliminate energy loss and lower energy consumption. For example the cold ‘energy’ of the cryogenic ethane and propane supplied will be reused to save energy in the refrigeration sections of the plant. And the heat of the furnaces of the ethane installations will be reused elsewhere in the process which lowers the need for on purpose steam production.
Minimising energy consumption is the critical driver to maximising carbon efficiency. In addition, in the design of the ethane cracker and PDH unit, very ‘selective’ technologies have been chosen that contribute to a maximum conversion of the raw materials into high-quality chemicals. This results in a particularly high carbon-efficiency of more than 90% – which is much higher than in installations that use naphtha (crude oil component) instead of ethane or propane. This means that 90% of the carbon in the raw material is converted into a high-quality chemical building block.