20. Will Project ONE cause additional pellets to enter the port and nature?
Project ONE does not produce pellets. The ethylene and by-products produced are gases that, under high pressure in the liquid state, will be transported mainly through pipelines to other industrial sites in the port, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. A portion will be cooled and liquefied to be transported by ship to the final destination.
19. Will INEOS compensate for the removal of vegetation in the project area?
INEOS will compensate for this temporary growth in an industrial zone by planting high-quality trees and greenery in protected nature reserves. The protected animal species will also find a new home there.
To make this planting successful, we are working with experts from recognized nature associations.
18. Will INEOS also flare on Project ONE?
Flaring removes flammable gases safely. This is important to ensure the safety of a chemical site, in the interest of all employees and local residents.
Flaring is done primarily when starting and stopping the installations, or with major interruptions such as a power failure. Usually, this will be done via ground flares, in order to limit the impact on the surrounding area. INEOS will examine how it can best inform local residents when the large flaring tower must be used.
17. What about the impact on the surrounding municipalities?
The project area is located in the port of Antwerp (see Where will Project ONE be built?) and surrounded by other industrial and port-related activities. The nearest residential centers are those of Berendrecht (at 1 km) and Lillo Fort and Zandvliet (at approx. 2 km). The effects on the residential environment are also examined objectively in the environmental impact report, to ensure that they satisfy all legal regulations. Measurements are also being taken regularly during the operation of the installations.
Because the site’s final products will be transferred by pipeline to other sites in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany, this transport does not require ships or trucks, which would additionally burden the road network and the air and noise quality.
16. How is the Project’s impact on the environment and immediate surroundings being investigated?
INEOS considers it very important to limit the impact on the environment and the surrounding area. This is being closely monitored during the design of the installation. Where possible, we’re taking mitigating measures such as installing catalytic units on all chimneys to limit NOx emissions to very low levels, or using hydrogen as fuel resulting in CO2 emissions which are not even half of the 10% best performing European steam crackers. The impacts are examined objectively in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The environmental impact statement of the entire project will map out the full impact of Project ONE.